Grammar is a subject that people either love or hate. Those who love grammar usually appreciate the logic of its rules; People who hate it often get frustrated with the constant exceptions to the rules. However, the 12 basic rules serve as the foundation of English grammar. The subjects of these rules are nouns and pronouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs and punctuation marks.
Noun and pronoun
The first noun rule relates the change of spelling to plural forms: the consonant-form changes the consonant, such as "sky", and nouns end in glottal sounds such as "sh" take-. Pronouns, which take the place of a noun, include a second rule: the pronoun must refer explicitly to an antecedent. For example, in the sentence "Liz drove her car and parked it in the lot," the pronoun "it" clearly refers to the anticidant "car." The third rule relates to a common pronoun mistake: "who" versus "whose." "Whom" is correct when it is replacing the object of a sentence. To determine the correct pronoun, replace it with "she" or "him". For example, "Who should I vote for?" Right because "I should vote for her?" Okay, "I shouldn't vote for that?"
The first verb rule is very basic: every sentence must contain a verb, or verb word. The second verb rule is that sentence stress comes from the verb itself. For example, the current-stress formation "flowing" right now indicates an action - the minute the wind is blowing. In contrast, the past tense "blow" denotes an explosion of air in the past, while "blow" denotes future action. The third verb rule states that the verb and subject must agree, meaning a singular subject such as "air" takes a singular form of the verb - "striking" rather than "plural".
adjectives and adverbs
First, adjectives describe nouns or pronouns while adverbs modify adjectives, adjectives and other adverbs. A common mistake relates to using adjectives instead of adjectives. Because adverbs modify other adverbs, a correct phrase is "he sings really well", but rather "sings real well", because "really" is modifying the adjective "well". Similarly, "she sings well" is incorrect because "good" is an adjective used to modify a verb: how she sings. The third law states that - The adverb never comes as a comparison. "She talks more quietly" is correct, and "she talks quietly" is not; The comparative form of the adjective "calm" is "calm".
With punctuation, the first grammar rule is that commas fall at specific places; For example, a combination between two complete sentences like "and" or "but". Second, commas also separate non-descriptive phrases. For example, in the following statement describing a cat, the phrase is redundant: "The cat, which has six birds, belongs to my neighbor." In that sentence, the removal of the phrase has no effect on the meaning as it would in the following: "Cats that have six claws are Hemingway cats." For the third punctuation rule, the apostles indicated contractions, such as "not in Bob's hat", and possession. However, apostrophs do not indicate possession in the pronoun, which is why "it always" means "it is," not possession.