Full Form of Computer and Related Full Forms, Abbreviations

The Full form of COMPUTER is Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research, or COMPUTER stands for Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research, or the full name of given abbreviation is Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research.

COMPUTER (Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research)

Full form of Computer
Computer full form

Computer Full Form:

C  Common
O  Operating
M  Machine
P  Particularly
U  Used For
T  Trade or Technical
E  Education
R  Research

Computer Related Abbreviations by category

We divide computer full form in 5 category: Memory, Hardware, courses, Networking and file formats. These are given below:

1. Computer Memory Related full forms:

  1. KB- Kilobyte (this is the smallest storage unit)
  2. MB- Megabyte
  3. GB- Gigabyte
  4. TB- Terabyte
  5. PB- Petabyte
  6. EB- Exabyte
  7. ZB- Zettabyte

2. Computer Hardware Related full forms:

  1. BIOS- Basic Input Output System
  2. CD- Compact Disk
  3. CPU– Central Processing Unit
  4. DVD- Digital Video Disk
  5. FDD- Floppy Disk Drive
  6. HDD- Hard Disk Drive
  7. HDMI- High Definition Multimedia Interface
  8. LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
  9. LED- Light Emitting Diode
  10. MMC- Multi-Media Card
  11. NTFS- New Technology File System
  12. PDF- Portable Document Format
  13. Prom- Programmable Read-Only Memory
  14. RAM– Random Access Memory
  15. ROM- Read-only Memory
  16. SMPS- Switch Mode Power Supply
  17. SSD- Solid State Drive
  18. UPS- Uninterrupted Power Supply
  19. USB- Universal Serial Bus
  20. VDU- Visual Display Unit
  21. VGA- Video Graphics Array
  22. Computer Softwares
  23. ALU- Arithmetic Logic Unit
  24. DVI- Digital Visual Interface
  25. OS- Operating System
  26. VIRUS – Vital Information Resources Under Seige

3. Computer Courses Related full forms:

  1. ADCA– Advance Diploma in Computer Application
  2. BCA- Bachelor of Computer Application
  3. COPA- Computer Operator cum Programming Assistant
  4. CSE- Computer Science Engineering
  5. DCA- Diploma in Computer Application
  6. DCE- Diploma in Computer Engineering
  7. IT- Information Technology
  8. MCA- Master of Computer Application

4. Computer Networking Related full forms:

  1. 2G- 2nd Generation
  2. 3G- 3rd Generation
  3. 4G- 4th Generation
  4. 5G- 5th Generation
  5. CDMA full form- Code Division Multiple Access
  6. DNS- Domain Name System
  7. GPRS- General Packet Radio Service
  8. GSM- Global System for Mobile Communication
  9. HTML- HyperText Markup language
  10. IP- Internet Protocol
  11. ISP- Internet Service Provider
  12. SIM- Subscriber Identity Module
  13. URL- Uniform Resource Locator
  14. VPS- Virtual Private Server
  15. WAN- Wide Area Network
  16. WIFI- Wireless Fidelity
  17. WLAN- Wireless Local Area Network
  18. WWW- World Wide Web

5. Computer file formats Related full forms:

  1. 4K: 4000
  2. GIF: Graphical Interchangeable Format
  3. HD: High Definition
  4. MP3: MPEG Audio Layer 3
  5. MP4: MPEG-4 Audio File
  6. UHD: Ultra High Definition
  7. DOC : Microsoft Word Document
  8. DOCX : Microsoft Word Open XML Document
  9. LOG : Log File
  10. RTF : Rich Text Format File
  11. TXT : Plain Text File
  12. WPS : Microsoft Works Word Processor Document
  13. CSV : Comma Separated Values File
  14. PPS : PowerPoint Slide Show
  15. PPT : PowerPoint Presentation
  16. PPTX : PowerPoint Open XML Presentation
  17. SDF : Standard Data File
  18. TAR : Consolidated Unix File Archive
  19. VCF : vCard File
  20. XML : XML File
  21. MPA : MPEG-2 Audio File
  22. WAV : WAVE Audio File
  23. WMA : Windows Media Audio File
  24. BMP : Bitmap Image File
  25. DDS : DirectDraw Surface
  26. GIF : Graphical Interchange Format File
  27. HEIC : High-Efficiency Image Format
  28. JPG : Joint Photographic Experts Group
  29. PNG : Portable Network Graphic
  30. PSD : Adobe Photoshop Document
  31. THM : Thumbnail Image File
  32. TIF : Tagged Image File
  33. TIFF : Tagged Image File Format
  34. PDF : Portable Document Format File
  35. DB : Database
  36. PDB : Program Database
  37. SQL : Structured Query Language Data File
  38. APK : Android Package File
  39. APP : macOS Application
  40. BAT : DOS Batch File
  41. CGI : Common Gateway Interface Script
  42. COM : DOS Command File
  43. EXE : Windows Executable File
  44. JAR : Java Archive File
  45. WSF : Windows Script File
  46. ASP : Active Server Page
  47. ASPX : Active Server Page Extended File
  48. CER : Internet Security Certificate
  49. CFM : ColdFusion Markup File
  50. CSR : Certificate Signing Request File
  51. CSS : Cascading Style Sheet
  52. DCR : Shockwave Media File
  53. HTM : Hypertext Markup Language File
  54. HTML : Hypertext Markup Language File
  55. JS : JavaScript File
  56. JSP : Java Server Page
  57. PHP : PHP Source Code File
  58. RSS : Rich Site Summary
  59. XHTML : Extensible Hypertext Markup Language File

Computer related other full forms

There are many other full forms of computer related terms, for candidates who are preparing for Competitive exams should aware of these computer terms.

Computer related full forms / Related Abbreviations / Related Full forms:

ALU  Arithmetic Logical Unit
AMD  Advanced Micro Devices
API  Application Programming Interface
ASP  Application Service Provider
ATA  Advanced Technology Attachment
BARC  Bhabha Atomic Research Center
BASIC  Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction code
BCD  Binary Coded Decimal
BIT  Binary Digit
BPS  Bits Per Second
BSNL  Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
CAD  Computer Aided Design
CAT  Computer Aided Translation
CD  Compact Disk
CDMA  Code Division Multiple Access
CG  Computer Graphics
COBOL  Common Business Oriented Language
CPU  Central Processing Unit
CRT  Cathode RayTube
CT  Computriosed Technology
CU  Central Unit
DB  DataBase
DCL  Digital Command Language
DNS  Domain Name System
DOS  Disk Operating System
DSL  Digital Subscriber Line
DTR  Data Terminal Ready
DVD  digital video Disk
DVR  Digital Video Recorder
EDP  Electronic Data Processing
E-mail  Electronic Mail
EOL  End Of Line
FAT  File Allocation Table
FDD  Floppy Disk Drive
FS  File System
FTP  File Transfer Protocol
Gb  Gigabit
GB  Gigabyte
GUI  Graphical User Interface
HD  High Definition
HHD  Hybrid Hard drive
HLL  High level Language
HTML  Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP  Hypertext Transfer Protocol
IBM  International Business Machine
IE  Internet Explorer
IM  Instant Messaging
IP  Internet Protocol
IS  Information System
ISO  International Organization for Standardization

Most Important Computer Related Full Forms:

ISP  Internet Service Provider
ISR  Interrupt Service Routine
IT  Information technology
JS  JavaScript
JUG  Java Users Group
Kb  Kilo Bit
KB  KiloByte
Kbps  Kilo Bit Per Second
KBPS  Kilo Byte Per Second
KHZ  Kilohertz
LAN  Local Area Network
LCD  Liquid Crystal Display
MAN  Metropolitan Area Network
Mb  MegaBit
MB  MegaByte
MIDI  Multiple Document Interface
MPU  Micro Processor Unit
MTNL  Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited
NEXT  Near End Cross Talk
NT  New Technology
NTP  Network Time Protocol
OMR  Optical Mark Reader
OS  Operating System
OSS  Open Source Software
PAN  Personal Area Network
PC  Personal computer
PDF  Portable Document Format
PPI  Pixels Per Inch
PSU  Power supply Unit
RAM  Random Access Memory
ROM  Read Only Memory
RTOS  Real Time Operating System
SAN  Storage Area Network
SP  Service Pack
TIF  True Type Font
TTS  Text To Speech
UI  User Interface
UPS  Uninterruptible Power supply
URL  Uniform Resource Locator
USB  Uniform Serial Bus
VFS  Virtual File System
VM  Virtual Memory
VOD  Video On Demand
VPN  Virtual Private Network
WAN  Wide Area Network
WAP  Wireless Application Protocol
Wi-Fi  Wireless Fidelity
WWW  World Wide Web
XML  Extensible Markup Language
ZIP  Zone Information Protocol

What is Computer?

A computer is a digital electronic machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations (computation) automatically. A personal computer may be a desktop, a laptop, tablet or a palmtop. It is based on microprocessor technology. Software applications! for personal computers include word processing, accounting, spreadsheet, databases, web browsers and e-mail, games and special-purpose software.

Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education and Research is known as COMPUTER.

Computer Development: Generations

There are five generations of computer by its hardware development. These are:

1. First-generation of computer (mechanical/electromechanical)

The time period of the first generation computer is from 1946 to 1954. The first generation computers were entirely electronic. They used vacuum tubes to store instructions. Magnetic drums were used for memory. They were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. They were very expensive to operate and, in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat which often needed expansive air-conditioning.

  1. Calculators: Pascal’s calculator, Arithmometer, Difference engine, Quevedo’s analytical machines.
  2. Programmable devices: Jacquard loom, Analytical engine, IBM ASCC/Harvard Mark I, Harvard Mark II, IBM SSEC, Z1, Z2, Z3.

2. Second-generation of computer (vacuum tubes)

The time period of the second generation is from 1955 to 1964. In second generation of computers solid state transistors replaced vacuum tubes in computers. It was invented in Bell Laboratories. The transistor was far superior than the vacuum tube, allowing computers to become smaller, taster, cheaper, more energy-efficient and more reliable.

As a result of these developments, a significant increase in the speed and processing capability of computers was achieved. Businessmen began to use computers in increasing numbers and new high-level programming languages also developed at this time, such as early versions of COBOL and FORTRAN.

  1. Calculators: Atanasoff–Berry Computer, IBM 604, UNIVAC 60, UNIVAC 120.
  2. Programmable devices: Colossus, ENIAC, Manchester Baby, EDSAC, Manchester Mark 1, Ferranti Pegasus, Ferranti Mercury, CSIRAC, EDVAC, UNIVAC I, IBM 701, IBM 702, IBM 650, Z22

3. Third-generation of computer (discrete transistors and SSI, MSI, LSI integrated circuits)

The time period of the third generation is from 1964 to 1977. Further development in electronics brought further reduction in size, greater reliability, speed and lower costs computer. Integrated circuits (IC) replaced the transistors, which was developed by J.S.Kilbi. This was the hallmark of the third generation of computers. This development is known as LSI (Large Scale Integration) and it refers to the ability to compress large number of integrated circuits on a single silicon chip.

  1. Mainframes: IBM 7090, IBM 7080, IBM System/360, BUNCH.
  2. Minicomputer: HP 2116A, IBM System/32, IBM System/36, LINC, PDP-8, PDP-11.
  3. Desktop Computer: HP 9100.

4. Fourth-generation of computer (VLSI integrated circuits)

The time period of the fourth generation is from 1978 to 1990. Fourth Generation computer continued to be characterized by chips that can contain increasing numbers of items. This further miniaturization of components, referred to as ULSI(Ultra Large Scale Integration), resulted in increased speed, greater reliability, and enormous storage capacities for current computers.

In 1981 IBM introduced its first computer for the home user, and in 1984 Apple introduced the Macintosh.

  1. Minicomputer: VAX, IBM AS/400.
  2. 4-bit microcomputer: Intel 4004, Intel 4040.
  3. 8-bit microcomputer: Intel 8008, Intel 8080, Motorola 6800, Motorola 6809, MOS Technology 6502, Zilog Z80.
  4. 16-bit microcomputer: Intel 8088, Zilog Z8000, WDC 65816/65802.
  5. 32-bit microcomputer: Intel 80386, Pentium, Motorola 68000, ARM.
  6. 64-bit microcomputer: Alpha, MIPS, PA-RISC, PowerPC, SPARC, x86-64, ARMv8-A.
  7. Embedded computer: Intel 8048, Intel 8051.
  8. Personal computer: Desktop computer, Home computer, Laptop computer, Personal digital assistant (PDA), Portable computer, Tablet PC, Wearable computer.

5. Fifth-generation of computer (ULSI integrated circuits)

The period of the fifth generation is from 1991 to the present. Unlike all other generation computers, present generation of computers characterized by the use of the technique used to reduce complex Programming. This technique is known as Artificial intelligence (AI).

  1. Quantum computer: IBM Q System One
  2. Chemical computer,
  3. DNA computing,
  4. Optical computer,
  5. Spintronics-based computer,
  6. Wetware/Organic computer.

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